Nanjing

Recently UNESCO listed the records of the Nanjing massacre as a list of historical memories. Nanjing is a capital of at least 10 dynasties including the Republic of China. My PRC friends tell me that people from Nanjing are more cultured.

Here, my friends send me some photos of what to do in Nanjing. Definitely visit the museum of the Rape of Nanjing. No more wars.

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Drink the soup from the dumpling  汤包 with a straw.

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Pay respects to the Founder of modern China, Sun Yatsen.

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Admire Chinese rock garden.
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/cgrk/hd_cgrk.htm

The Metropolitan Museum of Art has a informative writeup on the philosophy of a Chinese rock garden.

“Traditional Chinese gardens were meant to evoke a feeling of being in the larger natural world, so that the occupant could capture the sensations of wandering through the landscape. Compositions of garden rocks were viewed as mountain ranges and towering peaks; miniature trees and bushes suggested ancient trees and forests; and small ponds or springs represented mighty rivers and oceans”

“Sculptural garden rocks, with distinctive shapes, textures, and colors, have always been treasured as focal points of Chinese gardens. By the Tang dynasty, three principal aesthetic criteria had been identified for judging both garden stones and the smaller “scholars’ rocks” displayed in literati studios: leanness (shou), perforations (tou), and surface texture (zhou). These criteria led to a preference for stones that were vertically oriented, often with a top-heavy shape; riddled with cavities and holes; and richly textured with furrows, dimples, or striations.”

There’s a 30 page brochure on the Met website for pictures of a typical Chinese scholar garden.

We will never get back the old Chinese gardens especially Yuan Ming Yuan in China razed by the European forces in the 18th century, but hopefully we will rebuilt the past with more beautiful gardens of the future.

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